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The Ultimate Necklace Style Every Bride Must-know, Must-own!

10 May 2021

Adorning a bride with gold and precious stones necklaces has been an age-old custom in India. While the amount of gold reflected her wealth and stature in society, it also became a part of her bridal trousseau and personal security. Whether brand new or an heirloom piece, plain or studded, long or short, there are various styles to choose from the best Indian bridal jewellery. Every state in India, every community in India has its traditional necklace designs that are a part of its culture.

Most of the bridal necklaces are in yellow gold and set with diamonds, rubies, emeralds, sapphires, and pearls. They are mostly paired with other gemstones and metals to create elaborate jewellery pieces. It is time to get to know the different bridal necklace types, trending bridal jewellery, and a little about solah shringar with its 16 bridal adornments.

There are probably more types of Indian bridal necklaces than one can even begin to count. But here are few types and necklace names that have predominated the solah shringar of every Indian bride through generations and continue to be a favourite.

1. Temple Necklace

Temple jewellery that was crafted as an embellishment to adorn idols of Gods and Goddesses originated in the 9th century during the Chola Dynasty. But over time, when young temple dancers who performed dance renditions of devotional stories began to recreate the temple jewellery designs meant for the idols, it grew in popularity. A traditional form of jewellery from Tamil Nadu, today the temple jewellery necklaces are made out of gold and have designs of Gods and Goddesses or lotus flowers and peacocks. Most typically have Goddess Laxmi sitting on a lotus. A temple necklace can either be a long necklace or a choker.

2. Choker

The heavy Indian choker necklace is a part of a bride’s wedding collection. Whether in plain gold, polki or kundan, the traditional choker is a 14 to 16 inches length, close-fitted neckpiece worn high on the neck circling the throat. It may consist of one broader band, which sits around the neck with several layers of gems, beads, or pearl drops looped from it. If it is a single band choker, pair it with a haar. The gulbandh and the chintaak are traditional choker styles. Today, the more modern chokers in diamonds and emeralds or rubies are trending.

3. Rani Haar

The Rani Haar, the Maharani Haar, or Sita Haar, worn by the kings and queens of India, can make any bride feel like a maharani (queen). The necklace is significantly longer and layered with different motifs using traditional techniques like Kundan and Meenakari. Sometimes it is in plain gold and other times beautifully decorated with precious stones and pearls. The U-shaped Rani haars measure around 18 inches in length and weigh 40-50 grams. While the more traditional design of this haar would have a long and broad gold chain with an attached large pendant, the Rani haars trending today have multiple pearl strings attached to a chunky pendant.

4. Satlada

Satlada is a traditional bridal necklace or haar made of seven tiers of pearl strings consisting of 465 pearls and between 30 to 35 inches in length. Most satlada haars have gold and gemstone ornaments woven or attached with elaborate filigree work placed at regular distance. Be it emeralds, rubies, or sapphires set in yellow gold, these hanging ornaments in floral or geometric shapes add colour and glitter to the strings of pearls. The design of the satlada haar originated from the Nizams of Hyderabad. Today, both the brides and grooms are wearing this style of bridal necklace over their favourite ghaghara or sherwani

5. Navratana Necklace

The Navaratna necklace based on Hindu Vedic Astrology features nine gems. Each of these gems with planetary influences gives prowess to the wearer. The Nav Ratnas meaning nine gems are Ruby (for Sun), Pearl (for Moon), Red Coral (for Mars), Emerald (for Mercury), Yellow Sapphire (for Jupiter), Diamond (for Venus), Blue Sapphire (for Saturn), Hessonite (for the ascending lunar node), and Cats Eye (for the descending lunar node). The multi-coloured 22k Navratan necklace, whether designed as fitted or long, is said to invoke the power and blessings of the heavenly bodies.

6. Gulbandh

In the Kumaoni culture, one of the most important ornaments of the bridal trousseau is the Gulbandh or Galobandh. Traditionally it is worn by married women of the Kumaoni, Garhwali, Bhotiya, and Jaunsari tribes. The necklace, made from a red cloth base, has square-shaped gold pieces stitched on it. Today, it is still used during the ceremonies but hardly worn through the day as a sign of marriage except in the rural India. For the modern woman, the quintessential mangalsutra has replaced the gulbandh.

7. Bib Necklace

A bib necklace derives its name from a baby’s bib with a thick centerpiece and a thin cord going around the back of the neck. Typically dramatic, the broad front section covers part of the chest. Bib necklaces are versatile and have diamonds, emeralds, sapphires, rubies, pearls, or Kundan in a cascading style. Bib-style necklaces with crescent or flower hangings are trending. If you are wondering what jewellery should a bride wear, then start with the bib necklace. This western/ Indian style is here to stay.

8. Aadh Necklace

The most beautiful Rajasthani Aadh necklace, known as Rajputi Aad, is an elongated choker necklace. It looks like a block of gold in the center with layers of triangles with an attached adjustable string. Today the aad is like a frontal choker with hanging danglers designed in traditional to contemporary style using semi- precious stones and tiny pearls. One can pick a Meenakari aad, Kundan aad, Polki aad to go with the bridal outfit. The Rajasthani aad pairs well with rani haar.

9. Addigai

The Addiga, Addigai, Addigae, or Attigai is a loose-fitting choker-type necklace popularized in the Chola, Pandyaa, and Rayar dynasties. Today, it is a part of the bridal trousseaus of beautiful brides from Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, and other South Indian states. The Addigai necklace molded grid pattern in a gold base and set with gemstones can be adjusted for different lengths. The Addigai attached to tassels can either encircle the throat or sit on the décolletage. It has been a traditional necklace with deep-rooted significance in the culture of India. It is also available in Kundan and Polki designs.

10. Guttapusalu

The Gutta Pusalu or Guttapusala Haram is an antique design necklace from the coastal areas of Andhra Pradesh. The name is a combination of two words – Gutta, meaning a shoal of small fish, and Pusalu beads. The necklace design has bunches of tiny pearls that resemble a gutta. The Guttapusalu necklace in 22k gold is embedded with precious stones or uncut diamonds and fringed with pearls and beads. This heritage design short or long necklace is highly auspicious and worn by Telugu brides. A Guttapusalu necklace is heavy, opulent, and a modern bride’s dream.

Conclusion: These are a few of the necklace types for a bride-to-be. Today with bespoke designer jewellery, you can design your wedding jewellery with a traditional look and modern twist. Select a necklace design based on knowledge, style, and shape to suit your personality and the wedding dress. It is time to pick from the best bridal necklaces.

Rukshana is a freelance content and communication strategist based out of Mumbai, India. She mingles her expertise in PR with comprehensive domain knowledge and creative writing skills to assist and propagate business, worldwide. Being a quick learner, she utilizes her diversified digital expertise to provide copywriting and content writing services to create highly profitable brands, products, and services.